Promoting Heart Health through Occupational Therapy: Activities and Tips for American Heart Month

photo front view doctor holding medical element

February, known as American Heart Month, is a time to focus on cardiovascular health, a crucial aspect of our overall well-being. While most people associate heart health with diet and exercise, occupational therapy (OT) plays a significant role in promoting and maintaining cardiovascular health, especially for those recovering from heart-related issues or seeking to improve their heart health proactively.

The Role of Occupational Therapy in Heart Health

Occupational therapists are uniquely positioned to assist individuals in managing their daily activities while keeping heart health in mind. OT focuses on enhancing a person’s ability to perform everyday tasks, ensuring these activities are done in a way that supports heart health. This approach is particularly beneficial for individuals recovering from cardiac events, as well as those with chronic heart conditions.

Heart-Healthy Activities Recommended by Occupational Therapists

  • Gradual Exercise Programs: Starting with low-impact exercises and gradually increasing intensity is key. Occupational therapists can design customized exercise plans that account for an individual’s current heart health and overall physical condition. Activities like walking, swimming, and light aerobic exercises can significantly improve cardiovascular health.
  • Stress Management Techniques: Stress has a direct impact on heart health. OT can introduce stress-reduction activities such as mindfulness, meditation, and breathing exercises. These practices not only reduce stress but also lower blood pressure, a significant factor in heart health.
  • Daily Living Modifications: Simple changes in daily routines can have a profound impact on heart health. This might include introducing energy conservation techniques, educating on healthy cooking and eating habits, and even modifying the home environment to encourage a more active lifestyle.
  • Hobby Involvement: Engaging in enjoyable hobbies can also promote heart health. Whether it’s gardening, painting, or crafting, hobbies can reduce stress and encourage a more active lifestyle.
  • Education on Heart-Healthy Practices: Occupational therapists can provide valuable education on lifestyle changes that support heart health, such as smoking cessation, maintaining a balanced diet, and understanding heart health metrics like cholesterol levels and blood pressure.

Tips for Incorporating Heart-Healthy Habits

  • Start Small: Begin with small, achievable goals and gradually increase the complexity and intensity of activities.
  • Consistency is Key: Regularity in exercise and heart-healthy activities is more beneficial than sporadic efforts.
  • Monitor Your Progress: Keeping track of activities, diet, and heart health metrics can motivate and provide insight into what works best for you.
  • Seek Professional Advice: Before starting any new exercise regimen or making significant lifestyle changes, consult with healthcare professionals, including an occupational therapist.


Occupational therapy offers a holistic approach to heart health, addressing physical, emotional, and practical aspects of daily life. By incorporating these OT-recommended activities and tips into your routine, you can significantly contribute to your heart health. Remember, small, consistent changes can lead to significant improvements in your overall cardiovascular well-being.

This American Heart Month, let’s take a step towards a heart-healthier lifestyle with the guidance and support of occupational therapy. Your heart will thank you for it!

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