Understanding Sensory Processing Disorder: Strategies for Parents and Therapists

photo portrait of sad girl covering her ears with two hands

Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) is a complex condition that affects the way the brain processes sensory information. Children and adults with SPD may overreact or underreact to sensory stimuli, which can significantly impact their daily lives. Understanding SPD and implementing effective strategies is crucial for both parents and therapists to help individuals navigate this condition.

What is Sensory Processing Disorder?

SPD occurs when the brain has difficulty receiving and responding to information that comes in through the senses. This may manifest as hypersensitivity (over-responsiveness) or hyposensitivity (under-responsiveness) to sensory stimuli. Common signs include discomfort or distress with certain textures, sounds, or lights, difficulty with balance and spatial orientation, and challenges in engaging in play or social interactions.

Strategies for Managing SPD

For Parents

  • Create a Sensory-Friendly Environment: Modify your home environment to reduce sensory triggers. This can include using soft lighting, reducing background noise, and providing areas where the child can retreat to feel safe and calm.
  • Establish Routines: Children with SPD often thrive on routine as it provides a sense of predictability. Consistent schedules for meals, playtime, and bedtime can help reduce anxiety.
  • Sensory Activities: Engage in activities that help your child explore different senses in a controlled manner. This can include play with tactile toys, listening to calming music, or engaging in outdoor activities.
  • Be Observant and Patient: Notice what triggers your child’s sensory issues and what helps them feel better. Patience is key, as it may take time to understand and adapt to their needs.

For Therapists

  • Sensory Integration Therapy: This therapy is designed to help children with SPD become more comfortable with sensory input. It includes activities that challenge their balance, motor skills, and sensory responses in a structured and playful environment.
  • Collaborate with Families: Work closely with the child’s family to understand their daily challenges and routines. This collaboration can help create a consistent approach between therapy and home.
  • Educational Workshops and Support: Provide workshops for parents and teachers to help them understand SPD and how to create supportive environments. Group therapy sessions can also offer support and shared learning experiences.
  • Individualized Therapy Plans: Each child with SPD is unique. Tailor therapy plans to meet the individual needs of each child, focusing on their specific sensory challenges.


Living with Sensory Processing Disorder can be challenging, but with the right strategies and support, individuals with SPD can lead fulfilling lives. Parents and therapists play a crucial role in providing a supportive environment and the necessary interventions. Through understanding, patience, and tailored approaches, we can make a significant difference in the lives of those affected by SPD.

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